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Incorporating genetics into clinical dental practice

Michael Glick (USA)
Suzanne Hart (USA)
Thomas Hart (USA)

Time: 15:00 - 17:30
Room: EL GRECO (PV7)
Language: English
Chair(s): Subramoniam Muthiah Balaji (Seychelles), Thomas Hart (USA)
CERP: 2.5

INTRODUCTION: INCORPORATING GENETICS INTO DENTAL PRACTICE
Michael Glick (USA)

Learning Objectives

  • > After attending this session, participants will.
  • > Appreciate advances in genetics that are driving clinical care.
  • > Be able to recognize and distinguish between realistic and unrealistic clinical claims for genetic tests.
  • > Have a better understanding of the key issues in incorporating genetics into clinical practice.

Abstract

The field of genetics is rapidly changing and holds promise for improving our ability to diagnose and treat diseases. It is now possible to obtain genetic information rapidly and cheaply, fueling expectations that clinicians can predict disease risk and tailor treatments based on an individual’s DNA. This presentation will overview the hype and the reality of where we are in incorporating genetics into clinical dental practice. Clinicians will be appraised of the issues and challenges surrounding the use of genetic information to guide clinical decisions. Information and examples will be provided to enable dentists to develop a foundation for incorporating genetics into clinical practice.

IS IT GENETIC? THE IMPORTANCE OF TAKING A FAMILY HISTORY
Suzanne Hart (USA)

Learning Objectives

  • > Participants will be able to take a family history and make a family pedigree
  • > Participants will know where to get information about genetics and specific diseases, as well as how to find information for making a patient referral to a geneticist.
  • > Participants will find where to get educational material for themselves and patients, and where to get genetic testing done

Abstract

There are hundreds of genetic conditions that involve the oral cavity. Oral findings can be isolated features or part of a larger syndrome. It is important to differentiate isolated versus syndromic disorders, because the latter can be associated with systemic disorders that impact overall health. This has implications for treatment and recurrence risks. This session will give information on how to take a family history and construct a pedigree to determine if the phenotype is due to a genetic cause. Resources will be presented that clinicians can use for referral, education and how, when and where to obtain genetic testing.

GENETIC TESTING IN DENTAL PRACTICE
Thomas Hart (USA)

Learning Objectives

Participants will:
  • > Appreciate how new understanding of genetics affects how genetic information can be used to guide clinical care decisions.
  • > Recognize how genetic factors contribute to disease.
  • > Understand that not all genetic tests are clinically valid or clinically useful.
  • > Understand how to select a genetic test.
  • > Appreciate current regulation of genetic tests.

Abstract

Genetic tests are offered for thousands of diseases. This presentation provides an introduction to genetic testing in dental practice. New developments currently changing our understanding of genetics will be noted. Dental examples illustrate how genetic factors contribute to oral diseases, and how these determine if a genetic test will be clinically useful. Examples of genetic tests that are useful and those that are not useful for dental diseases will be presented. Regulation of genetic testing will be overviewed so that dentists can recognize what to look for in a genetic test and how to avoid tests that are not useful.

Next Event

FDI 2017
29 August - 1 Septembre 2017
Madrid, Spain

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